Chandrayaan-3: As Vikram and Pragyan refuse to restart, here are some other rovers and landers sleeping on the Moon’s surface

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Produced by: Tarun Mishra
Designed by: Mohsin Shaikh

Following their archetypal palmy tasks, the Vikram lander and Pragyan rover of Chandrayaan-3 entered a hibernation authorities connected September 2. These achievements included the rover's extended lunar aboveground exploration and the confirmation of captious elements specified arsenic sulphur, iron, and oxygen

Vikram and Pragyan

Since entering slumber mode, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has been grappling with a connection hurdle. Efforts to found interaction with the Vikram lander and Pragyan rover person been unsuccessful aft the extremity of lunar night, raising concerns astir their reactivation. Let’s instrumentality a look astatine immoderate different landers and rovers which are present retired of operational usage and resting connected the Moon’s surface

ISRO's Communication Challenge

Luna 9, portion of the Soviet Union's Luna program, made past by becoming the archetypal spacecraft to safely onshore connected a celestial body. Equipped with technological instruments, Luna 9 was a hermetically sealed instrumentality that provided invaluable lunar data

Luna 9 (1966)

Credit: NASA

Surveyor 1, a pioneering lunar soft-lander, gathered important information astir the Moon's surface, contributing to the preparations for the Apollo Moon landings. It marked the archetypal palmy American brushed landing connected an extraterrestrial body

Surveyor 1 (1969)

The Soviet Union's Lunokhod 1 was a groundbreaking lunar rover, the archetypal remote-controlled robot to roam freely connected different celestial body. Despite its designed lifespan of 3 lunar days, it astoundingly operated for eleven lunar days, covering 10.54 kilometres

Lunokhod 1 (1970)

Lunokhod 2, different Soviet lunar rover, explored the Moon's aboveground extensively. It performed assorted experiments, including observing star X-rays and studying lunar ungraded mechanics, contributing to lunar science

Lunokhod 2 (1973)

Yutu, a Chinese lunar rover deployed during the Chang'e 3 mission, marked the archetypal brushed landing connected the Moon since 1976. It faced operational challenges but managed to stitchery captious information implicit an extended operational period

Yutu (2013)

Chandrayaan-2, India's lunar exploration mission, featured the Vikram lander and the Pragyan rover, some developed successful India. While the Vikram lander faced difficulties, it was not destroyed arsenic initially believed, but the module fell upside down, making it dysfunctional and incapable to operate

Chandrayaan-2's Vikram
Lander (2019)

The Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV), utilised during Apollo missions 15, 16, and 17, was a battery-powered rover that allowed astronauts to traverse the lunar surface. These missions near a singular bequest successful lunar exploration

Apollo Missions Rovers

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